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Gaofen-1 is the first high-resolution optoelectronic satellite operated by the China National Space Administration (CNSA). The satellite was launched on the 26th of April 2013 from the Jiuquan cosmodrome in north-western China. Gaofen-1 is a part of the HDEOS (High-Definition Earth Observation Satellite) program, which main goal is to provide Chinese governmental and commercial organizations with close-to-real-time imagery.

Sample image from Gaofen-1 (GF-1) ©CNSA
Sample image from Gaofen-1 (GF-1) ©CNSA
Sample image from Gaofen-1 (GF-1) ©CNSA
Sample image from Gaofen-1 (GF-1) ©CNSA

Spacecraft design and mission details






CAST/BISSE (China’s Academy of Space Technology/Beijing Institute of Spacecraft System Engineering)


China Center For Resources Satellite Data and Application

Launch vehicle


Launch date

26 April 2013

Launch site

Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center, China

Date of deactivation


Orbit: Type
Altitude, km
Inclination, deg.


Mission duration, years

5 - 8

Revisit frequency, days


Power, W


Mass, kg


Gaofen-1 is equipped with two 2 m panchromatic and 8 m multispectral cameras (PMC), and 4 wide field imagers (WFI) with 16 m MS medium-resolution and a combined swath of 830 km. The complete camera set of PMC and WFI (6 cameras) may observe simultaneously, or each camera set (PMC or WFI) may observe separately.


Sensor bands Panchromatic: 450–900 nm (PMC only)
Blue: 450–520 nm
Green: 520–590 nm
Red: 630–690 nm
Near-IR: 770–890 nm
Dynamic range, bits per pixel 10
Sensor resolution, m PMC: 2 m for PAN, 8 m for MS
Swath width, km PMC: 69 km, WFI: 830 km
Horizontal accuracy (CE90%) 50 m without GCP
Onboard storage 3,75 TB


  • Emergency management and emergency preventing;
  • Climate change monitoring;
  • Environmental monitoring;
  • Mapping;
  • Mining exploration;
  • Agricultural management.
For cost calculation of the Gaofen-1 imagery for your area of interest, send technical description of your proposal to: For consultations contact by the phone: +7 495 245-04-24
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