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Meteor-M №2, Meteor-M №2-1 and Meteor-M №2-2 are Russian spacecrafts representing the second series of promising satellites of hydrometeorological support. They are part of the space complex (KK) of the hydrometeorological and oceanographic support Meteor-3M. Developed and designed at OJSC Corporation VNIIEM by order of Roscosmos, the Ministry of Defense and Roshydromet. The data obtained from the orbital grouping are used to predict the weather, control the ozone layer and the radiation situation in near-Earth space, and to monitor the sea surface, including ice conditions.

Saint-Petersburgh, Russia, 13 May 2016. Meteor-M №2 satellite ©Nts OMZ
Saint-Petersburgh, Russia, 13 May 2016. Meteor-M №2 satellite ©Nts OMZ
Balkhash lake, Kazakhstan, 13 May 2016. Meteor-M №2 satellite ©Nts OMZ
Balkhash lake, Kazakhstan, 13 May 2016. Meteor-M №2 satellite ©Nts OMZ
Sakhalin bay, Russia, 2 May 2016. Meteor-M №2 satellite ©Nts OMZ
Sakhalin bay, Russia, 2 May 2016. Meteor-M №2 satellite ©Nts OMZ

The hydrometeorological designation system Meteor-3M was developed in 2009, when the first satellite of this type, Meteor-M №1, was launched. It performed tasks in the interests of operational meteorology, hydrology, agrometeorology, climate and environmental monitoring. On July 8, 2014, the spacecraft Meteor-M №2 was launched. Both satellites were equipped with a multi-channel satellite imaging system (MCSIS) consisting of 3 cameras. On November 28, 2017, it was planned to put the Meteor-M №2-1 satellite into orbit, but this was not possible, the satellite did not come in contact and is considered lost.

Spacecraft design and mission details


Meteor-M №2




VNIIEM Corporation



Launch vehicle


Launch date

8 July 2014

Launch site

Baikonur Cosmodrome

Date of deactivation


Orbit: Type

Altitude, km

Inclination, deg.




Mission duration, years


Revisit frequency, days


Mass, kg


The satellite has hydrometeorological equipment and operational monitoring equipment onboard. Thus, a multichannel scanning device of low resolution (MSD-LR) was installed onboard the spacecraft, almost the complete analogue of the AVHRR instrument working on NOAA and MetOp satellites, which allows increasing the repeatability of surveying the same territory with similar instruments up to 10-15 images per da. In order for users to access MSD-LR data continuously and freely transmitted from the satellite in an open broadcast DB mode, only an L-band receiving station is needed.

Also, the spacecraft "Meteor-M" №2 has the necessary equipment designed to receive:

  • multispectral images of the Earth's surface;
  • quantitative measurement of radiation leaving the Earth in various spectral ranges;
  • heliophysical information about processes on the Sun and in near-Earth space;
  • data from automatic measurement platforms of various types (ground and drifting);
  • located in any (including polar) areas of the Earth.




Sensor bands

Swath, km

Spatial resolution


Global and regional mapping of cloudiness, ocean and land surface temperatures

6 bands:
0,5 – 0,7 µm;
0,7 – 1,1 µm;

1,6 – 1,8 µm;

3,5 – 4,1 µm;

10,5 – 11,5 µm;

11,5 – 12,5 µm.


1 km


Local mapping of the underlying surface

6 bands:
0,370 – 0,450 µm;

0,450 – 0,510 µm;

0,535 – 0,575 µm;

0,580 – 0,690 µm;

0,630 – 0,680 µm;

0,760 – 0,900 µm.

450, 900

50 m / 100 m


  • weather forecasting, both locally and globally;
  • analysis of the state of the seas and oceans;
  • ice control;
  • analysis of heliogeophysical conditions in near-Earth space (GST);
  • analysis of the state of the ionosphere and the magnetic field of the Earth;
  • climatology (including tracking global climate change);
  • emergency monitoring;
  • environmental monitoring.
For cost calculation of the Meteor-M № 2 imagery for your area of interest, send technical description of your proposal to: For consultations contact by the phone: +7 495 245-04-24
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