Back in the thirties of the last century, the scientist Ovdienko wrote about the presence of gold in the reservoirs of the Kamchatka Peninsula. At that time, mining of the precious metal was actively carried out in Kolyma; all the forces of gold miners were concentrated in that region. The development of Kamchatka deposits began only 30 years later, after taking samples from the Aga River. After this, the Aginskoye field appeared, and the development of the peninsula began.

Kamchatka Peninsula

Kamchatka combines incompatible things; the peninsula is very different from other regions of Russia. An area of ​​more than 400 thousand square meters. m. is inhabited by approximately 300 thousand people. The area is covered with glaciers (415 pcs), geysers, waterfalls, and has an extensive river network. Volcanoes are considered one of the main attractions; there are a total of 160 on the peninsula, 29 of which are active. Their eruptions can lead to weak tremors. Kamchatka also covers the northern part of the mainland, the Komandorsky and Karaginsky islands.

Gold Deposits in Kamchatka Krai

Kamchatka Krai is home to 200 registered gold ore occurrences, with the highest concentration observed in the Central Kamchatka District. Currently, the potential of the region is estimated at 10 established deposits, with 22 areas considered prospective. The reserves of precious metals amount to over 180 tons of gold and 570 tons of silver.

The main challenge in gold mining in Kamchatka is the underdeveloped infrastructure. Approximately 30% of the production costs include expenses for electricity, fuel, and road construction. Geological exploration and infrastructure development are expected to positively influence industry growth in the future.

Features of Gold Mining in Kamchatka

The primary gold mining site in Kamchatka is the Aginskoye Mining and Processing Plant, part of the "Gold of Kamchatka" enterprise. The company holds leading positions among Russian gold mining combines. Alongside the fishing industry, gold mining is strategically important for the region. The main production facilities are located at the Aginskoye and Ametistovoye plants. In 2018, these enterprises processed 800,000 tons of ore, yielding 5.6 tons of gold. Gold mining is a complex process requiring skill and responsibility. Traditional manual methods are no longer used; they have been replaced by advanced technologies. The primary method of extraction is sorption leaching. Crushed ore is sieved using specialized equipment, followed by sorption, a chemical reaction that extracts pure gold from the ore. Residual ore is stored in designated areas. The company prefers environmentally friendly technologies to reduce the negative impact of emitted gases on the environment. Environmental standards are rigorously monitored by the company's environmental department.

Promising Deposits

Gold mining by the "Gold of Kamchatka" company is conducted in the North, East, and South regions. In the North, development is focused on the Ametistovoye deposit. A new mining and processing plant is designed to operate for 12 years, with sufficient mineral and raw material base for this period. Ongoing exploration provides hope for longer operation of the plant. In the Central region, five deposits are located: Aginskoye, Oganchinskoye, Kungurtsevskoye, Yuzhno-Aginskoye, and Zolotoye. The Baranyevo deposit is also considered promising; significant attention has been given in recent years to infrastructure construction, roads, and logistics development. The Baranyevo deposit is expected to replace the Achinskoye deposit over time. In the Eastern direction, the Kumroch deposit is being developed. According to geologists, Kumroch has a potential of 100 tons of pure gold. Mining is impossible without developed infrastructure. Currently, geological exploration is underway, and the deposit is expected to be operational soon. Plans include the construction of a plant capable of producing 4-4.5 thousand tons of gold annually, contributing to a 12 billion ruble increase in the region's gross product. The main challenge in developing the deposit lies in the complex climatic conditions and the natural features of the area. Drilling is conducted only during the summer due to these reasons.

Other Gold-Silver Deposits in Kamchatka

Kamchatka Krai also hosts other precious metal deposits. The most promising for industrial development are the Viluchinskaya and Rodnikovaya zones in the Rodnikovoe ore field. Further exploration methods show certain prospects for these areas. Mutnovskoye includes the Rodnikovoe and Asachinskoe deposits. Exploration for silver is also conducted in the region: the Gold ore field, Kumroch ore field, Tuthliyam ore occurrence, Northern ore occurrence, Baranyevo, Ametistovoye, Sergeyevskoye, and Ozernovskoye deposits.

Benefits for the Region

Gold mining enterprises bring significant benefits to Kamchatka Krai. Investment inflows positively impact the region's economic situation. "Gold of Kamchatka" has increased gold mining in Kamchatka Krai by 80% over the years of its existence. The development of the mining industry not only affects the economic situation but also employment levels and the standard of living for the population. The company supports residents of remote villages by financing various programs in sports, ecology, and culture.


The potential of gold deposits in Kamchatka Krai is comparable to the largest provinces of precious metals in the Pacific ore belt. With its richness and quality of mineral resources, Kamchatka Krai is considered the best in Russia. The underexplored deposits may conceal significant potential for gold and silver mining. By 2030, it is planned to extract over 300 tons of gold and more than 1.5 tons of silver in the region.