The Purpose of Subsoil Use Monitoring
Using satellite data, specialists from "GEO Innoter" can determine the locations of unregistered areas of illegal subsoil use, solid household waste landfills (TBO), and their accompanying facilities. The type of extraction and the type of mineral resource can be identified. Based on the obtained data, an entire GIS project can be created, containing all the necessary information for analysis and subsequent decision-making.
Satellite imagery enables efficient subsoil use monitoring, allowing for faster analysis and providing accurate information for actions aimed at eliminating the consequences of illegal activities and land use.
To increase the accuracy of decoding, we utilize a previously accumulated database of decoding references for quarries and similar objects. The references and additional decoding features collected during our work help us execute similar orders with a decoding accuracy of 80% or more (without field surveys).
Field surveys are also conducted, significantly enhancing the project's effectiveness by providing precise laboratory data and evaluating contaminations in the mining areas and the surrounding environment. Our specialists, or local partners' specialists, conduct on-site visits to refine decoded objects, references, and additionally ensure the reliability of data related to objects not subject to field surveys.
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Purposes and Objectives of Subsoil Use Monitoring:
Purpose - to use digital image processing and remote sensing as a tool for monitoring illegal extraction of mineral resources and integrate the obtained data into the monitoring process, enabling regulatory authorities responsible for monitoring to perform their work more effectively and thus help avoid or minimize the negative consequences of illegal mining.
Objectives - to reveal changes in subsoil use areas using remote methods and demonstrate their illegality in relation to the rights holder and Russian legislation.
More specifically, it is necessary to provide evidential proof of the following:
- Satellite images, obtained at different times in the subsoil use areas, showing changes to assess the legitimacy of the existing extraction technology or violations.
- Visual changes (spatially).
- Invisible changes (spectrally).
Types of changes related to mining areas:
- Opening of underground layers.
- Movement of material/ore heaps.
- Identification of new dumps.
- Identification of changes/alterations in the dump's mineral composition.
- Vegetation health in disturbed and reclaimed mining areas.
- Soil degradation.
- Water quality in lakes and rivers in development areas.
- Transportation routes for extracted raw materials, track monitoring.
- Man-made changes.
- Appearance of unknown structures, new roads, movement of movable structures, etc.
- Changes in soil-vegetation cover during land use.
- Other details of changes in mining areas may also be possible.
According to the requirements of the legislation, subsoil within the territory of the Russian Federation, including underground space and mineral resources contained in the subsoil, are state-owned. Issues of ownership, use, and disposal of subsoil are under the joint jurisdiction of the Russian Federation and its subjects.
Advantages of Using Remote Sensing Data
For the purpose of preventing violations in the field of subsoil use, it is advantageous to use modern remote sensing methods:
The use of satellite imagery allows for complete simultaneous coverage of the territory and environmental assessment not only within individual observation points but also across any selected area.
Remote sensing provides timely mapping of violation boundaries and the state of the territory (thematic mapping) in compressed timeframes, indicating its location in an area of environmental crisis or unsatisfactory (highly unfavorable) state of the environment.
Maps created based on remote sensing data are of significant interest for subsequent assessments of the impact of mineral resource development on soil-vegetation cover and serve as a basis for reclamation planning and monitoring.
Understanding the reasons for variability in vegetation cover allows distinguishing natural and anthropogenic disturbances in ecosystems, which is an important condition for quantitatively assessing the environmental impact caused by mining industry and other developments.
Prices for services
The cost of execution is calculated on an individual basis, taking into account a specific of task.
After receiving the task description, we calculate the cost and send you a commercial offer.
Period of execution
The duration of the work is from 20 working days from the date of receiving the advance payment and is calculated individually for each client.
The duration of the work depends on:
- the total area of the area of interest;
- availability of archival Remote Sensing Data materials, the need for new imaging;
- requirements for Remote Sensing Data materials and the final product.
The timeframe for providing the service depends on the complexity of the work and is calculated individually for each client.
How to place an order:
- STEP #1: Submit an application on the website with the following information:
- Location of the research object (coordinates);
- Questions to be addressed;
- Dates for which the analysis is required.
- STEP #2: Agreement on the technical assignment and cost:
- Research starting from 500,000 RUB;
- Imagery is paid for separately.
- STEP #3: Signing the contract and starting the work:
- Duration is at least 20 working days from the date of receiving the advance payment - payment is accepted only through bank transfer.
Fill the form and we will contact you within 15 minutes
Stages of service provision
Stage #0 (PRE-Contract Phase):
- Receiving and coordinating data from the Client. It is necessary to agree on the task that requires a solution, the size, nature of the area, and the requirements for creating the product in order to calculate the cost and deadlines for the work.
RESULT: possibility (YES/NO) of providing the service
Stage #1 (PRE-Contract Phase):
- Agreement on the technical assignment
- Planning the survey. Determining the boundaries of the investigated area and the surrounding lands.
- Final determination of labor and material costs, agreement on deadlines and cost.
RESULT: signed contract
Stage #2 (Contract Execution):
- Conducting satellite imagery, preliminary processing, and delivery of remote sensing data to the Client's area. Image acquisition.
- Processing of materials to obtain a thematic map of the area.
- Spatio-temporal analysis of changes in the mining object.
- Calculation of ecological indicators.
- Assessment and analysis of the ecological state of the research object.
RESULT: Delivery of materials to the Client
The result of the provision of servicesThe Client receives a thematic map of the mining object's boundaries as of the date of the latest satellite imagery, which visually and numerically displays areas of pollution, with numerical indicators provided in the technical report. Additionally, more accurate data from UAVs and field surveys can be calculated and added to the map after coordination with the Client. Moreover, a Geographic Information System (GIS) can be created separately for this theme with vectorized layers for further development and monitoring, as per the Client's requirements.
Requirements for Source Data
Accurate geographical coordinates of the object in the required coordinate system (specialists from "GEO INNOTER" will refine the coordinates provided by the Client in any convenient form).
- GIS - QGIS, ArcGIS, etc.
- Processing - ERDAS, ENVI SARscape, SNAP, etc.
WarrantyIt is guaranteed to carry out works in accordance with SNIP, GOST and SP., in accordance with advanced methods and the use of the most modern software.
We guarantee 100% quality of services. Cooperating with GEO Innoter specialists, you exclude risks and losses.
The availability of qualified personnel able to work with specialized software and many years of experience allows us to provide these guarantees!